How to study Logical reasoning for IMAT

How do you prepare for logical reasoning? What should you study? How much should you exercise? 

This is probably the hottest issue around IMAT, and most candidates struggle to find the right way to approach this subject. 


Let’s start from the beginning. Until 2018, logical reasoning had 20 questions, and general knowledge had 2 instead.


The great revolution of the 2019 test is an upheaval in the proportion of quizzes for this subject. Since 2019, logical reasoning has been reduced to 10 questions, leaving more space for general knowledge, which now counts 12 questions


Some people think this is a blessing, while others are already tearing their hair out. 

Don’t panic now: let’s try to find the best way to solve this enigmatic subject’s questions.


Logical reasoning questions are divided into critical thinking and problem-solving.


In the Critical Thinking category, there are seven different specific types of questions:

  1. Summarising the main conclusion
  2. Drawing a conclusion
  3. Identifying an assumption
  4. Assessing the impact of additional evidence
  5. Detecting reasoning errors
  6. Matching arguments
  7. Applying principles

These questions involve reasoning used in our everyday written language, focusing on the skills involved in evaluating and understanding arguments.


Problem-solving involves reasoning using numerical and spatial skills. Most of these questions fall into three main categories:

  1. Relevant Selection
  2. Finding Procedures
  3. Identifying Similarity


No previous knowledge is required: all the information you need is in the question text. So the most crucial step is to get acquainted with this type of questions. 

The more you practice, the easier it is to solve them. 


Questions can be wide-ranging, both in terms of topics and, above all, in terms of difficulty. You must remember one fundamental rule: an easy exercise is easy for everyone. It is, therefore, essential to solving it, as most participants are likely to answer correctly. 

Likewise, a complex question is equally challenging for everybody else. Not solving it will not be a disadvantage, but getting it right will allow you to make a difference. 

Practise also helps you to understand which quizzes you are better at and which ones trouble you most. Work on the latter first. 


How should you prepare?

As we often say, practice makes perfect. Logical reasoning, above all other topics, requires a lot of training. 


Doing tons of exercises will make you fast and efficient and, most importantly, prevent you from being ‘caught out’ on the test day.

Any book containing many quizzes, possibly divided by type, is acceptable. 

Unfortunately, in most countries, high school does not prepare you well for this type of question. Thus it will take some time to get the hang of it and some new material.

Worried because you are not a native English speaker? If you fear it will take you longer to read the texts of the questions, practice by reading books in English (it may also help you feel less guilty when you go to the beach instead of studying).


In conclusion, don’t stress too much! Logical reasoning is an essential part of the test, but it is within everyone’s reach. All you need is confidence and practice. 


Good luck!